Jiao Jiao Li, PhD, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia, discusses research on regenerating vascularized bone with bioactive ceramics. Current challenges in the field include developing load-bearing scaffolds that can interact with bone cells and are porous. Therapies that encourage vascularization in the bone are necessary due to the metabolic demands of bones, and advances in 3D bioprinting have enabled research into bioactive ceramics. Nanoparticles additionally represent encouraging solutions to musculoskeletal conditions including osteoarthritis. This interview took place at the 6th World Congress of the Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society (TERMIS 2021).