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Tandem Meetings 2023 | CD33 CRISPR/Cas9 gene-edited donor allograft in patients with AML at risk of relapse post-HSCT

John DiPersio, MD, PhD, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, shares the rationale and results of a first-in-human clinical trial evaluating the safety of trem-cel (formerly VOR33), a CD33 CRISPR/Cas9 gene-edited donor allograft designed to prevent relapse in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT; NCT04849910). Results from the first two patients transplanted with trem-cel indicated neutrophil engraftment and a similar platelet recovery when compared to patients who received non-edited CD34-selected grafts. Treatment with gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) in one of the recipients did not result in a change in blood counts, suggesting that the target was effectively eliminated on the recipient’s stem cells and that GO would then only target residual leukemia cells expressing CD33. The ability of this strategy to induce long-term remission and to effectively eliminate all residual leukemia cells remains to be confirmed. This interview took place at the 2023 Transplantation & Cellular Therapy Meetings of ASTCT™ and CIBMTR® held in Orlando, FL.

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