Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) is a growth factor currently used for spinal fusion in patients. Jonathan Dawson, PhD, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK, comments on potential applications of BMP-2 beyond fusing spinal discs in the lower spine. Due to high concentrations of BMP-2 required, it is only administered in the lower spine. Dr Dawson discusses research being carried out to safely use BMP-2 in other areas of the spine and in an outpatient setting. This interview took place at the 6th World Congress of the Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society (TERMIS 2021).