Saskia Rösch, PhD, Miltenyi Biotec, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany, describes novel approaches to enhance chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell manufacturing. Upscaling can incur cost-related barriers, especially for T-cell receptor (TCR) and allogeneic therapies in solid tumor indications, and utilizing non-viral vectors as well as reducing the cultivation time may ameliorate the aforementioned issues. Developers additionally face issues in outscaling due to complications in material and documentation management, and Dr Rösch suggests decentralization as a potential solution. Regulatory authorities must also collaborate to expedite the development of T-cell therapies. This interview took place at the International Conference on Lymphocyte Engineering (ICLE) 2022.